hunting and fishing
- Because Mesopotamian society was supported primarily by agriculture, hunting animals for food was rare. People hunted for the most part either to get rid of wild animals that posed a threat to herds, farms, and villages, or for sport. And sport hunting was generally a pastime of the rich, especially kings, who could afford to engage in elaborate expeditions involving horses, chariots, traps, corrals, wagons, and dozens of helpers. The main evidence of such royal hunts comes from the annals of several Assyrian kings. Tiglathpileser I (reigned 1115-1077) recorded the diverse kinds of creatures he hunted, among them lions, tigers, hyenas, bears, leopards, deer, bison, wild pigs, gazelle, lynx, onagers (wild asses), elephants, and ostriches. His inscriptions also mention a trip to the Mediterranean Sea, where he bagged a na-hiru, which may have been a dolphin or a whale. (Tiglathpileser was clearly fascinated by animals, as he established several zoos.) Another Assyrian monarch, Ashurnasirpal II (884-859) bragged about killing 30 elephants, 257 wild oxen, and 370 lions. These numbers may be exaggerated, or they may reflect the fact that only some of the royal hunts consisted of the participants stalking animals in the wild. Many were staged affairs in which professional trappers gathered the creatures into enclosed areas, where the king and his nobles could dispatch their prey with a minimum of difficulty and danger.Fishing, on the other hand, remained a source of food for many Mesopotamians even after the introduction of agriculture. In the marshlands near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, hunters in narrow reed boats used long poles with metal tips to spear fish. On the rivers or in the Persian Gulf, fishermen also used nets to catch carp and other varieties of fish as well as eels. Artificially stocked fish ponds were also employed in some places.
Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. Don Nardo Robert B. Kebric. 2015.
Look at other dictionaries:
hunting and fishing — ➡ field sports * * * … Universalium
Hunting and fishing in Alaska — are common both for recreation and subsistence.HuntingAlaska is a popular hunting destination. Hunters come from all over the world to hunt big game animals such as the brown bear, black bear, moose, and caribou. Mountain goat hunts are also… … Wikipedia
The Girls' Guide to Hunting and Fishing (novel) — infobox Book | name = The Girls Guide to Hunting and Fishing title orig = translator = image caption = author = Melissa Bank illustrator = cover artist = country = language = English series = genre = Chick Lit publisher = Penguin pub date = May 1 … Wikipedia
The Girls’ Guide to Hunting and Fishing (film) — The Girl s Guide to Hunting and Fishing is a movie based on the last short story of Melissa Bank s best selling novel of the same name. The film is currently in development,Fact|date=May 2007 and is being produced by Francis Ford Coppola and… … Wikipedia
hunting and gathering society — noun group that supports itself by hunting and fishing and by gathering wild fruits and vegetables; usually nomadic • Syn: ↑hunting and gathering tribe • Hypernyms: ↑tribal society • Member Meronyms: ↑hunter gatherer … Useful english dictionary
hunting and gathering tribe — noun group that supports itself by hunting and fishing and by gathering wild fruits and vegetables; usually nomadic • Syn: ↑hunting and gathering society • Hypernyms: ↑tribal society • Member Meronyms: ↑hunter gatherer … Useful english dictionary
hunting and gathering culture — ▪ anthropology also called foraging culture any group of people that depends primarily on wild foods for subsistence. Until about 12,000 to 11,000 years ago, when agriculture (agriculture, origins of) and animal domestication emerged in… … Universalium
hunting and gathering society — Any human society that depends on hunting, fishing, or the gathering of wild plants for subsistence. Until с 8,000 years ago, all peoples were foragers of wild food. Many foraging peoples continued to practice their traditional way of life into… … Universalium
National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation — The National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife Associated Recreation (Survey) has been sponsored since 1955 by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and is one of the oldest and most comprehensive continuing recreation surveys. The most… … Wikipedia
Hunting in New Zealand — A memorial erected in 1971 commemorating the release of red deer in Otago in 1871. Hunting is a recreational pursuit and a tourist activity in New Zealand with numerous books and magazines published on the topic. Contents … Wikipedia